If you or a loved one has been recently diagnosed with HIV, you undoubtedly have a lot of questions about what the condition means for you and your future. One of the challenges of an HIV diagnosis is navigating through a whole new set of acronyms, slang, and terminology. Hover over the 45 most commonly used terms and lingo to see what they mean, and get a better understanding on the condition.
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You may not know the HIV status of your partner. You might not even have been tested yourself. It can be very difficult to talk about HIV status. See fact sheet for some ideas. People in mixed-status relationships face all the same things as other couples. But there are some extra issues:. Try to have open discussions about your desires, your fears, and your limits.
However, deciding whom to tell and how to tell them can be complicated and difficult. There is no one best way to tell someone. Similarly, there is no sure way to know how those you tell will react or whom they may choose to tell.
Criminal transmission of HIV is the intentional or reckless infection of a person with the human immunodeficiency virus HIV. This is often conflated, in laws and in discussion, with criminal exposure to HIV, which does not require the transmission of the virus and often, as in the cases of spitting and biting, does not include a realistic means of transmission. Others, including the United Kingdom, charge the accused under existing laws with such crimes as murderfraud Canadamanslaughterattempted murderor assault. Germany inconsistently tested plasma products between andas did Japan in and There were criminal investigations and prosecutions of those persons found to be responsible for these delays see Weinberg et al.
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There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 is more virulent, is more easily transmitted and is the cause of the vast majority of HIV infections globally. Scientists generally accept that the known strains or groups of HIV-1 are most closely related to the simian immunodeficiency viruses SIVs endemic in wild ape populations of West Central African forests. Using HIV-1 sequences preserved in human biological samples along with estimates of viral mutation rates, scientists calculate that the jump from chimpanzee to human probably happened during the late 19th or early 20th century, a time of rapid urbanisation and colonisation in equatorial Africa. Exactly when the zoonosis occurred is not known. Some molecular dating studies suggest that HIV-1 group M had its most recent common ancestor MRCA that is, started to spread in the human population in the early 20th century, probably between and Sample analyses resulted in little data due to the rarity of experimental material. The researchers, however, were able to hypothesize a phylogeny from the gathered data.
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Can HIV kill when you have an undetectable viral load. Lastly, why cant I stop thinking about my HIV status — first thing in the morning and also just before I fall asleep. For most people, HIV is easy to treat and easy to manage. ART can give you a normal life expectancy and an excellent quality of life. A study in Denmark estimated that the survival is more than 35 years for a young person diagnosed with HIV infection and another study in Canada report that in the US, life expectancy at age 20 years was an additional.
Hepatitis A causes less severe disturbances in liver function in people with HIV but illness lasts longer 26 April What are the outcomes for adults who were born with HIV. Far more harms associated with crystal meth than other chemsex drugs 24 April Reframing the message of sexual and reproductive health and rights for our current political environment. HIV treatment is not a cure, but it is keeping millions of people well. Start learning about it in this section.